Open Journal of Social Sciences Regarding the corporate value in as the measure of the long-term per- formance, we will explore the relationship among check-and-balance Ownership Structure, board size, and institutional investors impact the performance. In addition, the empirical analysis reveals that that the board size has a significant negative effect on the performance. Additionally, the results of the paper indicate that the CEO-Chairman duality has a significant impact on the long-term performance.
PAGE 9 2 Chapter 1: Government can be defined as the institutions and processes that make and implement authoritative decisions for a so ciety. The government unit can be a city, county, state, regional, national, or inte rnational government.
The decisions, which include laws, regulations, and other public policie s, are authoritative in the sense that individuals and organizations are legally obligated to obey the decisions or face some kind of sanction.
Is it possibl e to live without government? Why do governments exist all over the world when people all over the world are so critical of government? These are old political questi ons that were first asked when people began thinking about life in organized so cieties. Questions about the need for government and the legitimate purposes of government are continually being asked because the answers reflect contemporary thinking about basic human values, including freedom, order, individualism, equality, economic prosperity, national security, morality and ethics and justice.
These values are central to government and politics in all countries although the values attached to them and their relative importance varies a great deal.
Given the almost universal cri ticism of government, and a strong tradition of anti-government rh etoric in the United States, it is worth wondering why government? One recurring theme in American government and politics is the conflict between two basic values: Freedom or liberty is highly valued in the American political tradition.
Individual freedom is an essential element of democracy. Self-government requires indivi dual liberty. The language of the First Amendment, which begins with Congress sh all make no law.
Order is also a basic political value. One of the primary responsibilities of government is to create and maintain good public order. G ood public order is commonly defined to include public safety individuals are protected from crime, foreign invasions, and domestic disturbances as well as behavior that a society considers appropriate conduct.
Governments use law to create and maintain these aspects of good public order. These laws so metimes limit individual liberty in order to achieve order. Politics is often about where to strike the right balance between allowing individuals the freedom to do what they want, to live their lives without government restrictions, and giving government power to control behavior in order I believe that all government is evil, and that trying to improve it is largely a waste of time H.
Mencken Democracy is the worst form of government except for all those others that have been tried.
In American politics, debates are often framed as freedom versus order because the relationship between individual freedom and government power is considered a zero-sum relationship: The power problem illustrates this relationship. The challenge is to give government enough power so that it can addre ss or solve the problem s that people want government to solve, such as providing public safety and national security and economic prosperity, while also limiting government power so that it can be held accountable by the people.
Too little power can be a problem because weak governments or failed states can provide havens for criminals or terro rists.
Too much power can be a problem because strong governments can threaten individual rights. Creating good government requires striking the right balance between granting and limiting power.
Doing so is difficult because people have different views about the bala nce point. Politics is about reconciling individual, ideological, and partisan differences of opinion about the power problem.
People also have different belie fs about what government should be doing. Constitution does not say very much about the specifics of where to strike the balance between rights and powers.
It mos tly provides general guidelines about powers and rights. The Fourth Amen dment provides the people a ri ght against unreasonable searches and seizures, but it does not say wh en a police officers search or seizure is unreasonable.
The Eighth Amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment but does not define it. Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution grants Congress power to provide for the general Welfare of the Unite d States, but it does not define general welfare.He was involved in the creation of crisis communications plans for companies, wrote a handbook on crisis communications for public authorities, and published a number of research reports on public relations and crisis communication.
This research is drawn from a survey of private limited companies in the UK that fall within the EU size thresholds for a small company.
Examines the use of financial information in small companies, as financial management is critical to their success and survival. The purpose of the research was to identify the sources and utility of financial information used and the results show.
Fairview Capital is a pioneering alternative assets investment manager, as it is the first U.S. private equity fund of funds that focused on investing in private equity and venture capital funds managed by African-Americans and other minority investment managers. The private sector can't afford to do much of that; without profit, a private company dies.
Now, it's true that in the "Good Old Days" (whatever they were, exactly) the government didn't fund basic research, and it got done anyway. One recurring theme in American government and politics is the conflict between two basic values: freedom and order.
Freedom (or liberty) is highly valued in the American political tradition. Individual freedom is an essential element of democracy. This research is drawn from a survey of private limited companies in the UK that fall within the EU size thresholds for a small company.
Examines the use of financial information in small.