On April 30,Saigon, capital of the U. The nearlyNorth Vietnamese Army troops, 1, artillery guns and over tanks crushed the South Vietnamese defenders in barely four months of conventional combat, achieving ultimate victory in the Vietnam War. Over the past four decades, legions of historians, analysts and pundits have put forth various reasons to explain why America lost the war in Vietnam.
The Vietnam War These young soldiers were members of the U. This picture was taken induring the first military engagements between U. The Vietnam War was the second-longest war in United States history, after the war in Afghanistan Promises and commitments to the people and government of South Vietnam to keep communist forces from overtaking them reached back into the Truman Administration.
Kennedy sent American soldiers to Vietnam. Lyndon Johnson ordered the first real combat by American troops, and Richard Nixon concluded the war. Despite the decades of resolve, billions and billions of dollars, nearly 60, American lives and many more injuries, the United States failed to achieve its objectives.
One factor that influenced the failure of the United States in Vietnam was lack of public support. However, the notion that the war initially was prosecuted by the government against the wishes of the American people is false.
The notion that the vast majority of American youths took to the streets to end the Vietnam War is equally false. Only two members of the United States Congress voted against granting Johnson broad authority to wage the war in Vietnam, and most Americans supported this measure as well.
The antiwar movement in was small, and news of its activities was buried in the inner pages of newspapers, if there was any mention at all.
Only later in the war did public opinion sour. The enemy was hard to identify. The war was not fought between conventional army forces. The Viet Cong blended in with the native population and struck by ambush, often at night. Massive American bombing campaigns hit their targets, but failed to make the North Vietnamese concede.
Promises made by American military and political leaders that the war would soon be over were broken. And night after night, Americans turned on the news to see the bodies of their young flown home in bags.
Draft injustices like college deferments surfaced, hearkening back to the similar controversies of the Civil War. The average age of the American soldier in Vietnam was nineteen.
As the months of the war became years, the public became impatient. Only a small percentage of Americans believed their government was evil or sympathized with the Viet Cong.
But many began to feel it was time to cut losses.Johnson's failure regarding Vietnam was to refuse to acknowledge he had committed the United States to dangerous military involvement. The Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) was a student organization of the s.
Nov 21, · 3) The Vietnam War generated spectacular discontent at home in the US, because for the first time in history people could follow warfare live on the television. Not only did it trigger a national anti-war movement, but by only 1 in 3 Americans still believed Vietnam was not a mistake.
North Vietnam simply had to prolong its war within South Vietnam until the United States inevitably abandoned the conflict. In this clash of national wills, North Vietnam proved to be better armed. The communist dictatorship possessed the “weapons” it needed to persevere as long as it took to win: a ruthless disregard of casualties and total control of its captive population.
a failure in strategy: america and the vietnam war 5.
funding numbers n/a 6. author(s) major james m. bright 7. performing organization name(s) and address(es) usmc command and staff college south street, mccdc, quantico, va 8.
performing organization report number none 9. sponsoring/monitoring agency name(s) and address(es) same as #7. George Herring, in his book "LBJ and Vietnam: A Different Kind of War," gives a good, pragmatic explanation of the failure of American intervention.
According to Herring the main cause for the American troubles was the character of the war. This failure has led to searching questions about why and how the war was fought and whether a better diplomatic and military outcome was possible for the United States.
Escalation. By , guerrilla warfare was widespread in South Vietnam.