CCS is controversial since permanent storage of CO2 underground is not guaranteed 61 Conclusion It is good to have increased food production which might have helped reducing the number of undernourished people. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.
History[ edit ] India experienced a phenomenal rate of urban growth during the 25 years following independence and Bombay has had its due share in it. The population of Greater Bombay rose from 2. The rapid rate of growth of population, made possible by the increasing industrial and commercial importance of the city, resulted in a fast deterioration in the quality of life for the majority of people living in the city.
Development inputs could not keep pace with the rapidly growing population, industry, trade and commerce. Besides, there are physical limitations to the growth of a city built on a long and narrow peninsula, which has very few connections with the mainland.
The Government of Maharashtra has been alive to the emerging problems of this metropolis. Responsible public opinion was equally vigilant and several constructive suggestions appeared from time to time in the press and elsewhere. All this helped in keeping the problems Development related issues in mumbai Bombay in the forefront of public awareness.
Inthe Govt. Barve, Secretary to Government, Public Works Department, to consider the problems relating to congestion of traffic, deficiency of open spaces and play fields, shortage of housing and over concentration of industry in the metropolitan and suburban areas of Bombay, and to recommend specific measures to deal with these.
The Barve Group reported in February One of its major recommendations was that a rail-cum-road bridge be built across the Thane Creek to connect peninsular Bombay with the mainland.
The Group hoped that the eastward development would be orderly and would take place in a planned manner. The Government of Maharashtra accepted the Barve Group recommendation.
Another Committee under the Chairmanship of Prof. The Gadgil Committee inter-alia made two important recommendations which have influenced the planning for Navi Mumbai. One, a planned decentralisation of industries with severe restrictions on further industrial growth in the Bombay region.
Two, development of the mainland area as a multi-nucleated settlement, each settlement smaller in size than 2. These multi-nucleated settlements are called nodes in the plan, where the entire development is proposed as a series of nodes strung out along mass transit area.
The nodes proposed by us are, however, more closely spaced than the multi-nucleated settlements envisaged by Dr. But the principle remains of individual settlements, self-contained in respect of schools and shopping and other essential services and separated from each other by green spaces.
It proposed the development of a twin city across the harbour, on the mainland to the east, as a counter-magnet to the office concentration taking place at the southern tip of Bombay. The alternative growth pole was to siphon off the over concentration of jobs and population which further growth would cause in the city and reallocate these on the mainland.
In making this recommendation, the Board was influenced by various factors such as the existing industrial sites in the Thana-Belapur area and Taloja, the imminent completion of the Thana Creek Bridge and the proposal of the Bombay Port Trust to establish a new port at Nhava Sheva.
The Board recommended that the new metro-centre or Navi Mumbai as it is now called, be developed to accommodate a population of 21 lacs. Privately owned land consisting of 86 villages covering 15, hectares 39, acres within the present limits of Navi Mumbai and further villages measuring an additional 2, hectares 7, acres were acquired by the government of Maharashtra.
CIDCO carved out 14 small nodes with a view towards facilitating comprehensive development. CIDCO planned and constructed all the railway stations, roads and public spaces in Navi Mumbai and developed nearby areas commercially.
Vashi Bridge across the creek.
Initially there was not much response to the new city. Major changes took place only afterwith the commissioning of a wholesale agricultural produce market at Vashi and the construction of a commuter railway line from Mankhurd to Vashi in May These developments caused a sudden growth in economic activities and population in Navi Mumbai.
The city has some issues too. The city was originally planned to create affordable housing for people who could not afford living in Mumbai. It was decided not to let any slum pockets pop up across the city.
According to the census, a fifth   to a third  of the population of municipalised Navi Mumbai lives in slums  and gaothans urban villages  with thousands of buildings built violating planning norms.
A new railway link between Nerul and Uran is under construction and the portion of this line from Seawoods to Ulwe is at an advanced stage of construction. These nodes are experiencing major infrastructural developments due to their proximity to the proposed Navi Mumbai International Airport.
Each of the nodes is divided into smaller groups called sectors. But after the arrival of the harbour railway line extension in the s, there was an increase in population. Local self-government started on 1 January The Society was founded in The society has been active in tribal, rural and urban areas in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
Since its inception it has been working with communities, addressing issues related to women, children, livelihoods, human rights and environment. UDRI regularly hosts public forums, events, lecture series, and exhibitions on the urban development and urbanism of Mumbai.
To stay updated and learn more about Mumbai’s urban issues, and to actively engage in the development debate in Mumbai, join our mailing list! The report examines various issues related to urban poverty, such as migration, labour, the role of gender, access to basic services and the appalling condition of India’s slums.
It also looks at the dynamics of urban land and capital market, urban governance, and . Articles on the Global Issues web site. This web site has numerous articles categorized into various issues.
Some articles can of course be in more than one issue as many are inter-related. Internal Migration in India: An Overview of its Features, Trends and Policy Challenges in Workshop Compendium Vol. 2, National Workshop on Internal Migration and Human Development in India, Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi, December , UNESCO.
In the analysis it is found that, at present Mumbai has prevalence to rapid economic development-related environmental problems. Poverty-related environmental issues show very little significance. Industrialization- and urban-related environmental issues coexist with rapid economic development-related environmental issues.