Another significant step in order to make an impact on your audience is to know them. For example, if you simply send a letter to employees about attending a conference on a Sunday and reiterating that it is a requirement, a portion of your workforce might resume to work with worries in their heads because they have religious obligations to meet on Sundays. If you can tailor your letter without touching any religion, culture or sensitive issue in an uncomfortable way, work would be much smoother and solidarity among the people will remain intact. Here are methods you can take to know your audience better:
Library's Strategic Planning Blog Analyzing and Interpreting Information Analyzing quantitative and qualitative data is often the topic of advanced research and evaluation methods courses.
However, there are certain basics which can help to make sense of reams of data. Always start with your research goals When analyzing data whether from questionnaires, interviews, focus groups, or whateveralways start from review of your research goals, i.
This will help you organize your data and focus your analysis. For example, if you wanted to improve a program by identifying its strengths and weaknesses, you can organize data into program strengths, weaknesses and suggestions to improve the program.
If you wanted to fully understand how your program works, you could organize data in the chronological order in which customers or clients go through your program.
If you are conducting a performance improvement study, you can categorize data according to each measure associated with each overall performance result, e.
Basic analysis of "quantitative" information for information other than commentary, e. Make copies of your data and store the master copy away.
Use the copy for making edits, cutting and pasting, etc. Tabulate the information, i. For ratings and rankings, consider computing a mean, or average, for each question. For example, "For question 1, the average ranking was 2. This is more meaningful than indicating, e.
Consider conveying the range of answers, e. Basic analysis of "qualitative" information respondents' verbal answers in interviews, focus groups, or written commentary on questionnaires: Read through all the data. Organize comments into similar categories, e. Label the categories or themes, e.
Attempt to identify patterns, or associations and causal relationships in the themes, e. Keep all commentary for several years after completion in case needed for future reference. Interpreting information Attempt to put the information in perspective, e.
Consider recommendations to help employees improve the program, product or service; conclusions about program operations or meeting goals, etc. Record conclusions and recommendations in a report, and associate interpretations to justify your conclusions or recommendations.
Also see Analyzing Data and Communicating Results Reporting Results The level and scope of content depends on to whom the report is intended, e. Be sure employees have a chance to carefully review and discuss the report.
Translate recommendations to action plans, including who is going to do what about the research results and by when. The funder may want the report to be delivered as a presentation, accompanied by an overview of the report.
Or, the funder may want to review the report alone. Be sure to record the research plans and activities in a research plan which can be referenced when a similar research effort is needed in the future.
Who Should Carry Out the Research? Ideally, the organization's management decides what the research goals should be. Then a research expert helps the organization to determine what the research methods should be, and how the resulting data will be analyzed and reported back to the organization.
If an organization can afford any outside help at all, it should be for identifying the appropriate research methods and how the data can be collected. The organization might find a less expensive resource to apply the methods, e. If no outside help can be obtained, the organization can still learn a great deal by applying the methods and analyzing results themselves.
However, there is a strong chance that data about the strengths and weaknesses of a product, service or program will not be interpreted fairly if the data are analyzed by the people responsible for ensuring the product, service or program is a good one.
These people will be "policing" themselves. This caution is not to fault these people, but rather to recognize the strong biases inherent in trying to objectively look at and publicly at least within the organization report about their work.
Therefore, if at all possible, have someone other than the those responsible for the product, service or program to look at and determine research results.The following pages represent a comprehensive summary of current research and theory on the sources of innovation and creativity, both in individuals and organizations.
Based on the Harvard Business School, has provided the field with one of the most simple and yet that the vast majority of their important contributions to the theory.
In history, for example, primary sources include documents from the period or person you are studying, objects, maps, even clothing; in literature or philosophy, your main primary source is usually the text you are studying, and your data are the words on the page.
In such fields, you can rarely write a research paper without using primary. These clues include both primary and secondary sources in the form of books, personal papers, government documents, letters, oral accounts, diaries, maps, photographs, reports, novels and short stories, artifacts, coins, stamps, and many other things.
Analyse different types of business information and their sources Essay. A+. Pages:5 Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay We will write a custom essay sample on Analyse different types of business information and their sources specifically for you.
for only $ $/page. Different types of business information. Best Handouts. AP Language Synthesis Research Assignment (Sandy Jameson) -- Complete packet for students to develop their own synthesis essay prompts and sources as a group project and includes suggested topics.
Then, individually develop an annotated bibliography and write a sample response. Finishes off with a reflection on the research process. These articles are written by people who are passionate about their subject, .pdfs, and websites focusing on much more credible and scholarly sources appropriate for a research paper.
(You know, stuff you can actually use!) so review Writing a Library-Based Research Paper and Research Paper Steps for help with putting together your essay.